Copeland Insurance


The Ultimate Guide to Trucking Insurance: Protect Your Fleet

Insurance for Trucking Companies: Top 10 Essential Policies 2024

Protect Your Fleet with Insurance: The Ultimate Guide for Trucking Companies

If you’re looking for insurance for trucking companies, you’ve come to the right place.

Quick Overview:
Importance: Protects assets, minimizes out-of-pocket expenses, ensures business continuity.
Compliance: Required by state and federal laws to operate legally.
Coverage Types: Primary liability, physical damage, cargo insurance, general liability, and more.

Why is insurance for trucking companies essential?

Firstly, it shields your business from significant financial loss. Whether it’s a minor accident or a catastrophic event, insurance ensures that repair and replacement costs don’t come out of your pocket. Secondly, it’s not just a smart business move but a legal requirement. Federal and state regulations mandate specific insurance coverages to operate legally, ensuring safety and responsibility on the roads.

Hi, I’m Vonda Copeland, CPIA, CWCU. With over two decades in the insurance industry and a specialized focus on trucking companies, I know the intricacies and the importance of having the right coverage.

Ready to dive in? Let’s explore everything you need to know to protect your fleet and comply with regulations.

Infographic showing the benefits and necessity of trucking insurance - insurance for trucking companies infographic pillar-4-steps

What is Trucking Insurance?

Trucking insurance is a specialized type of commercial auto insurance designed to protect trucking companies and owner-operators from the unique risks they face on the road. It includes a variety of coverages tailored to meet the needs of the trucking industry.

Types of Trucking Insurance

Trucking insurance isn’t one-size-fits-all. It comprises several types of coverages, each serving a specific purpose. Here are the key types:

Primary Liability Insurance
Primary liability insurance is a must-have. It covers damages or injuries you might cause to others while operating your truck. This is required by law to ensure you can pay for any harm your truck might cause.

Motor Truck Cargo Insurance
This protects the freight you’re hauling. If your cargo gets damaged or lost due to an accident, fire, or theft, motor truck cargo insurance covers the cost. It’s essential for maintaining trust with your clients.

Case Study: A trucking company transporting electronics faced a significant loss when a fire damaged the cargo. Thankfully, their motor truck cargo insurance covered the damages, saving them from a financial hit.

Physical Damage Insurance
Physical damage insurance covers repairs or replacement of your truck if it’s damaged in an accident, vandalized, or faces non-collision incidents like fire or theft. This is crucial for keeping your fleet operational.

General Liability Insurance
General liability insurance covers accidents that happen around your business, like someone getting injured at your premises. It also covers incidents while unloading cargo.

Excess Liability Insurance
Excess liability insurance provides extra coverage beyond the limits of your primary policies. It’s a safety net for catastrophic events that could otherwise bankrupt your business.

Workers Compensation Insurance
If you have employees, workers compensation insurance is likely required. It covers medical expenses and lost wages if an employee gets injured or sick due to work-related tasks.

Statistic: New authorities can expect to pay around $12,000 per year for a $1,000,000 liability or $100,000 cargo policy, according to industry data.

Why It Matters

Having the right trucking insurance isn’t just about compliance—it’s about protecting your livelihood. Accidents happen, and without adequate coverage, you could face devastating financial losses.

Vonda Copeland:With over two decades in the insurance industry, I’ve seen how proper coverage can save a business from ruin. Don’t skimp on insurance; it’s your safety net.”

Ready to explore the essential policies further? Let’s dive into the policies every trucking company needs to protect their operations.

Why is Trucking Insurance So Expensive?

Trucking insurance can be costly, and understanding why can help you make informed decisions. Let’s break down the key factors.

Fleet Composition

The makeup of your fleet significantly impacts your insurance costs. Larger fleets with a variety of trucks, such as tow trucks, flatbed trucks, and tank trucks, face higher premiums due to increased risk exposure.

Premium Calculation

Insurance companies calculate premiums based on several elements:

  • Truck Value: More expensive trucks cost more to insure.
  • Cargo Type: Hazardous or valuable cargo increases insurance costs.
  • Location: Higher-risk areas lead to higher premiums.
  • Driver Experience: Experienced drivers with clean records lower costs.

Risk Factors

Trucking is inherently risky. Factors like accidents, theft, and piracy add to the risk, driving up insurance costs. According to Simplex Group, trucking companies face unique hazards daily, which necessitates comprehensive coverage.

Mitigation Strategies

To manage and reduce your insurance costs, consider these strategies:

  • Hire Experienced Drivers: Drivers with clean records can significantly lower premiums.
  • Maintain Your Fleet: Regular maintenance reduces the likelihood of accidents and breakdowns.
  • Use Telematics: Programs like GEICO’s Drive-Easy Pro can help monitor and improve driving habits, leading to lower rates.
  • Route Planning: Efficient route planning can minimize exposure to high-risk areas.

By understanding these factors, you can better navigate the complexities of insurance for trucking companies. Ready to explore the types of coverage available? Let’s dive into the various policies that can protect your fleet.

How to Lower Your Trucking Insurance Costs

Reducing your trucking insurance costs can be a game-changer for your business. Here are some key strategies to help you save:

Experienced Drivers

Hire experienced drivers. Insurance companies often offer lower premiums for drivers with more experience. This is because experienced drivers are less likely to be involved in accidents.

Clean Driving Records

Maintain clean driving records. Drivers with clean records are less risky to insure. Encourage your drivers to follow traffic laws and practice safe driving habits. This will not only keep them safe but also reduce your insurance costs.

Newer Trucks

Invest in newer trucks. Older trucks are more likely to break down and be involved in accidents. Newer trucks come with advanced safety features that can reduce the likelihood of accidents and, in turn, lower your insurance premiums.

Route Planning

Plan your routes efficiently. Avoid high-risk areas and plan routes that minimize exposure to dangerous conditions. This can reduce the chances of accidents and help you maintain a good safety record.

Strategic Fleet Management

Manage your fleet strategically. Use tools and technologies to monitor and optimize your fleet operations. Telematics programs like GEICO’s Drive-Easy Pro can provide real-time feedback on driving habits. This can help you improve driver behavior and reduce insurance costs.

By focusing on these strategies, you can significantly lower your insurance costs and keep your business running smoothly. Now, let’s dive into the various policies that can protect your fleet.

Types of Trucking Insurance Coverage

To effectively protect your fleet, it’s crucial to understand the different types of trucking insurance coverage available. Each type offers unique protections, ensuring that all aspects of your trucking operations are covered.

Primary Auto Liability

Primary auto liability is mandatory for all commercial trucks. It covers bodily injury and property damage if your driver is at fault in an accident. This insurance not only pays for the injured party’s medical bills but also covers the cost of property damage. Additionally, it provides legal defense if a lawsuit is filed against you.

General Liability

General liability insurance protects your business from risks unrelated to truck operation. Think of it as a safety net for incidents like someone slipping and falling at your office. This coverage is essential for comprehensive protection.

Physical Damage

Physical damage insurance covers repairs for your truck if it’s damaged in an accident, vandalized, or catches fire. This is particularly important if your truck is leased or financed, as lenders often require this coverage.

Bobtail Insurance

Bobtail insurance is for trucks that are not pulling a trailer. It provides coverage when the truck is being driven without a load, such as when returning from a delivery.

Motor Truck Cargo

Motor truck cargo insurance protects the goods you are transporting. If your cargo is damaged or stolen during transit, this coverage helps to cover the loss. This type of insurance is critical for businesses that transport valuable goods.

Rental Reimbursement

Rental reimbursement insurance covers the cost of renting a replacement truck if yours is out of service due to a covered loss. This ensures that your operations can continue smoothly, even when your primary vehicle is being repaired.

Trailer Interchange

Trailer interchange insurance provides coverage for non-owned trailers that are in your possession under a trailer interchange agreement. This is essential for businesses that frequently swap trailers with other companies.

Medical Payment

Medical payment insurance covers medical expenses for you and your passengers, regardless of who is at fault in an accident. This can include hospital visits, surgeries, and other necessary medical treatments.

Uninsured/Underinsured Motorists

Uninsured/underinsured motorist insurance protects you if you are involved in an accident with a driver who either has no insurance or insufficient coverage. This ensures that you are not left paying out-of-pocket for damages and injuries caused by another driver.

Understanding these types of insurance for trucking companies is essential for comprehensive protection. Each type addresses specific risks and ensures that your operations can continue smoothly, even in the face of unexpected events.

Insurance for Trucking Companies: Essential Policies

When it comes to insurance for trucking companies, having the right coverage is crucial. Let’s dive into the essential policies that your trucking business needs to be well-protected.

Primary Auto Liability

Primary auto liability insurance is a must-have. It covers bodily injury and property damage that you or your drivers may cause to others in an accident. This type of insurance is required by the Department of Transportation, with coverage amounts ranging from $750,000 to $1,000,000, depending on your truck’s size, travel distance, and cargo type. This ensures that you meet federal requirements and protect your business from financial ruin in case of accidents.

Motor Truck Cargo

Motor truck cargo insurance protects the goods you transport. This type of insurance covers losses or damages to the cargo due to accidents, theft, or natural disasters during transit. For example, if your truck is involved in an accident and the cargo is damaged, this insurance ensures that the loss is covered, providing peace of mind for both you and your clients.

Physical Damage

Physical damage insurance covers your truck’s repair costs if it’s damaged in an accident, vandalized, catches fire, or is stolen. This is crucial for keeping your fleet operational without bearing the financial burden of unexpected repair costs. If your truck is leased or financed, this coverage might be required by the lender.

General Liability

General liability insurance is different from primary auto liability. It covers risks unrelated to truck operation, such as someone slipping and falling at your office. This ensures that your business is protected from a wide range of potential liabilities that could otherwise impact your bottom line.

Excess Liability

Excess liability insurance provides additional coverage beyond your primary auto liability limits. This is particularly useful in case of severe accidents that result in high costs. If your primary policy’s limits are exhausted, excess liability kicks in to cover the additional expenses, safeguarding your business from substantial financial losses.

Workers Compensation

Workers compensation insurance is vital for protecting your employees. It covers medical expenses, lost wages, and rehabilitation services if an employee gets injured or sick due to work-related tasks. This not only ensures compliance with state laws but also shows your commitment to your employees’ well-being.

These essential policies form the backbone of a robust insurance for trucking companies strategy. Each policy addresses specific risks, ensuring that your business remains protected and operational, no matter what challenges come your way.

Next, let’s explore the specific requirements for commercial truck insurance in California.

California Commercial Truck Insurance Requirements

When it comes to insurance for trucking companies in California, understanding the state and federal requirements is crucial. Compliance is non-negotiable, and it ensures that your business operates smoothly without legal hiccups. Let’s break down the essential filings you need to be aware of:

State and Federal Filings

Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) Filing
If your trucking business operates across state lines, you’ll need an ICC filing. This filing shows that you have the necessary insurance coverage to meet federal requirements.

MCS90 Endorsement
The MCS90 is a must for motor carriers operating interstate. It guarantees that you have the minimum liability insurance required by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). This endorsement covers public liability, which includes bodily injury, property damage, and environmental restoration.

Motor Carrier Permit (MCP65)
In California, the MCP65 filing is essential for motor carriers. It proves that you have the necessary liability insurance to operate within the state. Without this permit, your business could face hefty fines and operational delays.

TL672 and TL676 Filings
These are specific to certain types of transportation within California, ensuring that specialized carriers meet state insurance requirements. These filings verify that you have adequate coverage for the types of goods you transport.

PL914, TL1000, and MV23 Filings
These filings are required for various types of commercial vehicle operations. They ensure that your insurance policy meets the state’s standards for liability and cargo coverage.

OL207 Filing
The OL207 filing is another state-specific requirement. It certifies that your business has the appropriate level of insurance to cover potential claims arising from accidents or other incidents.

SR22 Filing
If your business has had issues with compliance in the past, you might need an SR22 filing. This form is a certificate of financial responsibility, proving that you have the required insurance coverage. It’s often required for businesses with a history of violations or accidents.

Importance of Compliance

Navigating these filings can be complex, but they are vital for legal compliance and protecting your business. Non-compliance can result in fines, legal action, and even the suspension of your operating authority.

Getting Help with Filings

Many insurance providers, including Copeland Insurance Agency, offer assistance with these filings. They can ensure that all paperwork is correctly submitted and that your coverage meets both state and federal requirements.

Next, we’ll address some frequently asked questions about trucking insurance to clear up any lingering doubts.

Frequently Asked Questions about Trucking Insurance

What is trucking insurance called?

Trucking insurance is commonly referred to as trucker auto liability or commercial truck insurance. This type of insurance is essential for anyone operating a truck for business purposes. It covers the costs related to accidents, property damage, and injuries caused by your truck. It’s not just one type of coverage; it includes several components like primary auto liability, motor truck cargo, and physical damage insurance.

How can I lower my trucking insurance?

Lowering your trucking insurance costs can be challenging, but it’s not impossible. Here are some proven strategies:

1. Hire Experienced Drivers: Insurance premiums are often lower for companies with experienced drivers. These drivers are less likely to be involved in accidents, reducing the risk for insurers.

2. Maintain Clean Driving Records: Encourage your drivers to maintain clean driving records. Fewer violations and accidents mean lower insurance premiums.

3. Invest in Newer Trucks: Newer trucks come with advanced safety features, which can reduce the likelihood of accidents. Insurance companies often offer lower premiums for newer, safer vehicles.

4. Plan Routes Carefully: Effective route planning can minimize the risks associated with long hauls and difficult terrains. This can also result in lower insurance costs.

5. Strategic Fleet Management: Regular maintenance and inspections can keep your trucks in top condition, reducing the likelihood of breakdowns and accidents.

What is cargo insurance for truckers?

Cargo insurance is crucial for protecting the goods you transport. This type of coverage, often referred to as inland marine coverage, protects against damage or loss of cargo during transit.

Key Points:

  • Financial Protection: If your cargo is damaged or stolen, cargo insurance ensures that you are financially protected. This can be a lifesaver in case of accidents, theft, or natural disasters.

  • Versatility: Cargo insurance covers a wide range of goods, from refrigerated items to heavy machinery. Whether you’re hauling dirt, sand, gravel, or high-value electronics, cargo insurance has you covered.

  • Peace of Mind: Knowing that your cargo is protected allows you to focus on other aspects of your business without worrying about potential losses.

Next, we’ll explore California Commercial Truck Insurance Requirements to ensure you’re fully compliant with state laws.


Trucking insurance is not just a legal requirement—it’s a critical part of protecting your business and your livelihood. Comprehensive coverage ensures that you and your fleet are shielded from a variety of risks, from accidents and theft to natural disasters and legal liabilities.

Why Comprehensive Coverage Matters

Comprehensive coverage is essential. It provides a safety net that protects your assets, employees, and business operations. Without it, you’re exposed to significant financial risks that could jeopardize your business.

Protecting Your Fleet

At Copeland Insurance Agency, we understand the unique challenges faced by trucking companies. Whether you operate a single truck or a large fleet, we offer tailored insurance solutions designed to meet your specific needs. Our goal is to help you keep your vehicles on the road and your business running smoothly.

Ensuring Compliance

Staying compliant with state and federal regulations is crucial. Non-compliance can result in hefty fines and legal issues. We help you navigate the complex world of insurance filings and ensure that you meet all necessary requirements, such as ICC, MCS90, and MCP65.

Managing Costs

We know that managing insurance costs is a major concern for trucking companies. We offer various strategies to help you lower your premiums, such as maintaining clean driving records, employing experienced drivers, and investing in newer trucks. Our experts will work with you to find the most cost-effective solutions without compromising on coverage.

In conclusion, comprehensive trucking insurance is vital for protecting your business, ensuring compliance, and managing costs effectively. At Copeland Insurance Agency, we are committed to providing you with the best insurance solutions to keep your fleet safe and your business thriving.

Learn more about our trucking insurance options and let us help you protect your fleet today.

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