Copeland Insurance


How Much is Commercial Truck Insurance? A Comprehensive Guide

How Much Does Commercial Truck Insurance Cost in 2024?

Understanding the Cost of Commercial Truck Insurance

How much does commercial truck insurance cost? This is a critical question for anyone who owns or manages a trucking business. On average, commercial truck insurance costs can range from $8,000 to $12,000 per year per truck. However, actual costs can vary significantly based on several factors, which we’ll explore in this guide.

Commercial truck insurance is vital for protecting your business from the high financial risks associated with trucking. With more than 500,000 large truck accidents in the United States in 2021 alone, having robust insurance coverage is crucial for maintaining financial stability and operational continuity. Whether you own one truck or a whole fleet, securing the right insurance policy is essential to safeguard your assets and your drivers.

Copeland Insurance has over six decades of expertise in the insurance industry, we understand the complexities surrounding commercial truck insurance costs. Our goal is to help you navigate these challenges to find affordable and comprehensive coverage.

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Let’s delve into the various aspects of commercial truck insurance to understand its importance and how it influences the cost.

What is Commercial Truck Insurance?

Commercial truck insurance is a specialized type of insurance designed to protect trucking businesses and drivers. It covers a wide range of risks associated with operating large vehicles for commercial purposes.


Commercial truck insurance provides coverage for trucks used in business operations. This includes protection against accidents, injuries, property damage, and cargo loss. It’s essential for anyone using trucks for business, whether you’re an owner-operator with a single truck or managing a fleet.


The primary purpose of commercial truck insurance is to safeguard your business from financial losses. If an accident occurs, the costs can be enormous—covering medical expenses, property repairs, and legal fees. This insurance ensures that these expenses don’t bankrupt your business.

Vonda Copeland, CPIA, CWCU, emphasizes, “Securing the right insurance policy is essential to safeguard your assets and your drivers.”

Types of Coverage

Commercial truck insurance isn’t one-size-fits-all. There are various types of coverage to address different needs:

  1. Primary Liability Insurance
  2. Covers damage to other people and their property caused by your truck.
  3. Required by law for all commercial trucks.
  4. Physical Damage Insurance
  5. Protects your truck from damage due to accidents, weather, theft, or vandalism.
  6. Includes collision and comprehensive coverage.
  7. Cargo Insurance
  8. Covers the goods you haul while they are in transit.
  9. Essential for businesses transporting valuable or high-risk cargo.
  10. General Liability Insurance
  11. Protects your business from specific exposures, like litigation arising from day-to-day operations.
  12. Covers incidents that happen outside of driving, such as while loading or unloading cargo.
  13. Non-Trucking Liability Insurance
  14. Covers property damage or bodily injury when you’re not operating under the authority of a motor carrier.
  15. Useful for owner-operators who use their trucks for personal errands.
  16. Workers’ Compensation or Occupational Accident Insurance
  17. Covers medical, disability, death, and dismemberment benefits for accidents that occur on the job.
  18. Required in many states for businesses with employees.
  19. Bobtail Insurance
  20. Covers trucks when they are being operated without a trailer.
  21. Useful for owner-operators when they are driving their truck without cargo.
  22. Rental Reimbursement With Downtime
  23. Covers the cost of renting a replacement truck while your truck is being repaired.
  24. Helps keep your business running smoothly even when your truck is out of commission.
  25. Trailer Interchange Insurance
  26. Covers damage to a trailer that is being used under a trailer interchange agreement.
  27. Important for businesses that frequently exchange trailers.

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Understanding these different types of coverage can help you tailor your insurance policy to fit your specific needs. This ensures that you have comprehensive protection without paying for unnecessary coverage.

Next, we’ll explore the factors that affect the cost of commercial truck insurance, so you can better understand what influences your premiums and how to manage them.

Factors Affecting Commercial Truck Insurance Costs

When it comes to how much does commercial truck insurance cost, several factors come into play. Let’s break down the main ones:

USDOT Authority

If you’re leasing to a company, your insurance costs will generally be lower. That’s because leasing companies often cover primary liability while you’re under dispatch. However, if you’re operating under your own authority, your costs will be higher. Your USDOT operating history also matters—any violations can increase your rates.

Contractual Requirements

Federal and state regulations often mandate higher liability limits for truckers. For example, the FMCSA requires a minimum of $750,000 CSL for most truckers and $1,000,000 CSL for those needing a federal filing. Some contracts may also require additional coverages like motor truck cargo or trailer interchange, which will increase your insurance costs.


The type of cargo you haul significantly affects your insurance rates. For instance, transporting heavy machinery is riskier than hauling fresh produce. Always disclose the types of cargo accurately to avoid claim denials and unexpected costs.

Operating Radius

Your operating radius can also impact your premiums. Truckers with a larger radius face higher risks due to longer drive times and unfamiliar routes. Local drivers usually pay less compared to regional or long-haul drivers.

Vehicle Type

The type of vehicle you drive matters. Heavier trucks generally cost more to insure because they can cause more damage in an accident. Newer vehicles also tend to have higher premiums due to their higher replacement and repair costs.

Driving History

A clean driving record is crucial. Accidents and violations can drastically increase your insurance costs. Even minor infractions like speeding tickets can have a significant impact. Keeping a clean record can save you hundreds or even thousands of dollars annually.


Insurance rates vary by state. Operating in states with higher rates means you’ll pay more for your insurance. Factors like local regulations, accident rates, and even weather conditions can influence these rates.

Understanding these factors can help you better manage your insurance costs. Next, we’ll explore the actual costs associated with commercial truck insurance, so you can get a clearer picture of what to expect.

How Much Does Commercial Truck Insurance Cost?

Commercial truck insurance costs can vary widely based on several factors. On average, the national monthly cost for commercial truck insurance ranges from $640 to $982 per month. However, these numbers can fluctuate based on your specific circumstances.

Average Costs and Cost Range

For owner-operators who do business with a motor carrier, the average cost is about $300-$400 per truck, per month. This translates to $3,600-$5,000 annually. On the other hand, if you’re operating under your own authority, you can expect to pay significantly more, around $1,167-$1,833 per truck, per month, or $14,000-$22,000 per year.

Here’s a breakdown of typical annual costs for various types of coverage:

  • Commercial auto liability insurance: $9,000-$15,000
  • Commercial general liability insurance: $500-$800
  • Cargo insurance: $400-$1,200
  • Workers’ compensation: $3,000-$5,000 (or occupational accident insurance: $1,600-$2,000)
  • Physical damage insurance: $1,500-$4,000
  • Non-trucking liability insurance: $350-$480

These figures are estimates and can vary based on individual factors such as driving history, vehicle type, and cargo.

State Variations

Insurance rates also differ by state. For example, the average cost for commercial truck insurance in Georgia is $15,890 annually, with premiums ranging from $12,406 to $17,705. This variation is due to factors like state regulations, local accident rates, and even weather conditions.

Take these two examples from Georgia:

  • 1 Truck Based in Fayetteville: Intrastate, General Freight, For Hire operation – $13,298/year
  • 1 Truck Based in Columbus: Interstate, Unlimited Miles, General Freight, Dry Bulk, For Hire operation – $16,915/year

Monthly vs. Annual Payments

While annual costs might seem high, breaking them down into monthly payments can make them more manageable. For instance, a quote of $11,300 per year might seem daunting, but when split into monthly payments, it becomes about $942 per month.

Some companies offer significant discounts for paying in full. For example, you could save up to 15% if you pay your policy in full, which could mean a savings of $1,500 on a $10,000 policy.

Understanding these costs and payment options can help you budget more effectively and make informed decisions about your commercial truck insurance.

Next, we’ll explore the different types of commercial truck insurance coverage available to you.

Types of Commercial Truck Insurance Coverage

Understanding the different types of commercial truck insurance coverage is crucial for protecting your business. Each type of coverage addresses specific risks and needs. Here’s a breakdown:

Primary Liability

Primary liability insurance is the foundation of any commercial truck insurance policy. It covers damage to other people and their property caused by your truck. This is the minimum required by law in most states. For example, in Georgia, trucks over 10,001 pounds must have a minimum liability coverage of $750,000 for non-hazardous goods and up to $5,000,000 for hazardous materials.

Physical Damage

Physical damage insurance protects your truck from unexpected events like weather, fire, theft, and vandalism. This coverage is essential if your truck is financed or leased. For instance, if your truck is damaged in a storm, physical damage insurance will cover the repair costs, ensuring your business can continue operating.

Occupational Accident

Occupational accident insurance covers medical, disability, and death benefits for accidents that occur on the job. This is particularly important for owner-operators and independent contractors who may not be covered by traditional workers’ compensation insurance. It provides peace of mind knowing that if an accident happens, you and your family are protected.

General Liability

Commercial general liability insurance protects your business from various risks, like litigation arising from damage caused by day-to-day operations. For example, if a client slips and falls at your business location, general liability insurance can cover legal fees and damages.

Optional Coverages

In addition to the basic coverages, several optional coverages can provide extra protection:

  • Cargo Insurance: Covers damages to the goods you haul while in transit. If your cargo is lost or damaged, this insurance ensures you’re compensated.
  • Non-Trucking Liability: Covers property damage or bodily injury you cause when not operating under the authority of a motor carrier. This is useful for personal use of the truck.
  • Bobtail Insurance: Covers your truck when it’s being driven without a trailer. This is essential for owner-operators who may drive their truck without a load occasionally.
  • Comprehensive Insurance: Also known as physical damage coverage without collision. It covers non-collision-related damages like hail, theft, vandalism, and fire.

Choosing the right combination of these coverages can help tailor your policy to meet your specific needs and risks.

Next, we’ll discuss how to save money on your commercial truck insurance.

How to Save Money on Commercial Truck Insurance

Commercial truck insurance can be a significant expense, but there are ways to reduce costs without sacrificing coverage.

Clean Driving Record

A clean driving record is one of the best ways to lower your insurance premiums. Insurance companies look at your driving history to assess risk. Fewer accidents and violations mean you’re seen as a safer driver, which can result in lower rates.

Tip: Invest in additional safety training for drivers to help maintain a clean record.

Higher Deductibles

Raising your deductible is another way to reduce your insurance costs. A higher deductible means you’ll pay more out of pocket if you have a claim, but it can significantly lower your monthly premiums.

Example: If you increase your deductible from $500 to $1,000, you could see a noticeable drop in your premium. Just be sure you can afford the higher deductible if something happens.


Many insurance companies offer discounts that can help you save money. Here are a few common ones:

  • CDL Discount: You can get a discount just for having a valid commercial driver’s license for at least two years.
  • Business Experience Discount: If your business has been operating for three years or more, you might qualify for a discount.
  • Paid-in-Full Discount: Paying your annual premium in one lump sum can save you up to 15%.

Pro Tip: Always ask your insurance provider about available discounts when getting a quote.

Comparing Quotes

Don’t settle for the first quote you receive. Different insurance companies offer different rates and discounts. Comparing quotes from multiple providers can help you find the best deal.

Steps to Compare Quotes:

  1. Gather basic information about your truck and business.
  2. Request quotes from at least three different insurance companies.
  3. Compare the coverages, deductibles, and premiums.

Fact: According to the research, Progressive is known for offering affordable coverage even for drivers with a spotty record, making it worth considering when comparing quotes.

By following these tips, you can find ways to make your commercial truck insurance more affordable while still getting the coverage you need.

Frequently Asked Questions about Commercial Truck Insurance Costs

Why is commercial truck insurance so expensive?

Commercial truck insurance is often pricey due to the high risks involved. Trucks are larger, heavier, and can cause more damage in accidents compared to regular vehicles. This leads to higher potential payouts for insurance companies.

Safety Measures: Insurance costs can be lower if your trucking company invests in safety. This includes driver training programs, installing safety technology in trucks, and maintaining a clean driving record.

Driver Record: A driver’s history is crucial. Even minor violations can increase premiums. Keeping a clean driving record can save you hundreds or even thousands of dollars annually.

How much is cargo insurance for $100K?

The cost of cargo insurance varies widely based on factors like the type of cargo, distance traveled, and your overall insurance package.

Average Cost: For $100K in coverage, you can expect to pay between $400 and $1,200 annually. This range considers different risk levels associated with various types of cargo.

High-Value Cargo: Transporting high-value items like electronics or jewelry can increase your premiums due to the higher risk of theft or damage.

How much is cargo insurance for $1 million dollars?

For those needing $1 million in cargo insurance, costs are understandably higher but still follow similar pricing principles.

Average Cost: Expect to pay significantly more, often ranging from $5,000 to $10,000 annually. This depends on the type of cargo and the specifics of your operation.

Truck Cargo Insurance: Higher coverage limits are essential for businesses dealing with expensive or hazardous materials. Ensure you disclose the types of cargo accurately to avoid claim denials.

By understanding these factors, you can better navigate the complexities of commercial truck insurance costs and make informed decisions for your business.


Understanding how much does commercial truck insurance cost is crucial for any trucking business. The costs can vary widely based on several factors such as vehicle type, cargo type, driving history, and location. However, the average annual cost typically ranges from $12,406 to $17,705, with some specific cases going higher based on the nature of the trucking operations.

At Copeland Insurance Agency, we specialize in providing comprehensive coverage options tailored to your unique needs. Whether you operate a single truck or manage a large fleet, our goal is to help you find the best insurance solutions to protect your business and keep it running smoothly.

We offer a variety of coverage types, including primary liability, physical damage, and cargo insurance, among others. Our team works diligently to ensure you get the best possible rates by comparing multiple quotes and leveraging our extensive industry experience.

For more details on how we can assist you with your trucking insurance needs, visit our Trucking Insurance page.

By choosing Copeland Insurance Agency, you can rest assured that you’re getting top-notch service and coverage that aligns with your business goals. Contact us today to discuss your specific requirements and get a personalized quote.

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